When do you require this speciality?
Treatment of all child dental problems
Paedodontics is the branch of dentistry dealing with dental problems from childbirth upto adolescence. This includes both therapeutic and preventive dental care.
Therapeutic dental care includes simple tooth fillings, root fillings, extractions and cleanups of both milk and adult teeth. On the other hand preventive care includes brushing education, diet counselling, fluoride therapy and sealing of areas in teeth that can potentially decay.
A great deal of importance is given to protecting the milk teeth which preserve the space in the jaw and act as a guide for the permanent teeth. If milk teeth are lost early, it can lead to permanent teeth being stuck in the jaw or malpositioned.
Tooth Fillings – The decayed part of the tooth is cleaned out and is filled using tooth coloured materials
Root Fillings – The cavity may extend to the pulp (innermost part) of the tooth causing pain and discomfort. This requires cleaning out of the infected part of pulp and filling the space under local anaesthesia. This procedure is carried out in milk teeth to preserve them until they are ready to be replaced
Extractions – Badly broken down or loose teeth have to be removed under local anaesthesia
Cleanups – Along with proper brushing cleanups play a major role in reducing dental problems in children
Preventive care aims to reduce the occurrence of new cavities and hence the need for complex procedures. Paedodontics also deals with the management of dental trauma in both milk and permanent teeth. These injuries need to be managed appropriately to ensure good oral health.